From old masters to modern mass production.
The similarities between the old masters and modern illustrators are striking. But are those old prints and scroll paintings really the direct forerunners of manga and anime? The answer is: no, not really, because American comics and cartoons were also a major source of inspiration for early manga and anime.
However, it is an indisputable fact that many techniques and visual tricks that have been used for centuries are still used by modern mangaka(illustrators) and animators. In this sense, today’s craftsmen and -women are standing on the shoulders of Giants.